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5G vs 4G

The dawn of modern mobile data

Mobile data technology has clearly revolutionized how we manage to connect with the world on the go and with the proper introduction of the fifth generation of mobile networking, the things that we can do are limitless. 5G networking is Live and kicking and has already been adopted in the busy metropolitans of the world with the rollout conveniently reaching small cities and thereon. 

5G rollout is not only here but is extensive 

Many massive network providers around the world have already signed up for the 5G technology but it doesn’t mean that the 4G will be scarcely fading away into the thin air. 4G would still have its use and relevancy as 3G had when the fourth generation of mobile networking was introduced. The adoption rate of the general people towards 4G when it first got induced was nominal. There were technological restrictions at the time such as people not having a 4G supported handset. 

But this time around most of the mobile phone manufacturers are shipping their units with 5G support so would 5G see a massive boost in adoption on the consumer level? Is it really that important to shift to a 5G network? Check out the following carefully knitted comparison between 4G and 5G and decide for yourself;

5G vs 4G: Networking speed 

On paper every generation of the wireless network that came after the one before it has claimed to provide earth-shattering speeds but the reality is a little different. These speeds hold ground when there are a limited number of users attached to the wireless network of a dedicated service provider. But when their number continues to increase the speed continues to decrease playing the game on an inverse proportionality. Some of the ground factors that determine the speed of your wireless mobile network are;

  • Which service provider do you use?
  • How busy it is?
  • The device that you use for connection
  • Geographical differences in the coverage

These are some of the odd factors that might give you a sharp turning in terms of the overall speed that you are getting. 4G on paper has a speed of 150 Mbps and 4G LTE of 300 Mbps-1 Gbps but in reality, these only give a maximum of 10 and 15-50 Mbps respectively. 5G, in theory, might get you a 1-10 Gbps speed but it is only good for 50 Mbps in a real-life scenario. For mobile networks, it is true that these continue to evolve and change over time so it is possible that as 4G was preceded by 4G LTE (long term evolution) and LTE-A (long term advanced) hitting more steep speed curves the 5G technology would go through something similar. 4G mobile network packs a great punch when it comes to delivering phenomenal speeds but it is the latency where it cheap out.     

5G vs 4G: Network latency

Latency is the measure of the overall time it takes for data to reach your smartphone from the server and at the same moment the time it takes for your smartphone to send data to its intended target. It is measured in milliseconds. Latency is an important issue when it comes to modern-day dynamics. Online and multiplayer games for that instance are overtly affected by the response time of the network or latency. Self-driving cars need minimum latency when it comes to sharing information to and from the cloud for applications of brake, acceleration, and turning where intended. 

4G technology proposes an overall latency of 50ms which is amazing if you are not doing something very important and keenly dependent on the sharing of information to and from the server. 5G technology on the other hand can cut the latency all the way to 1ms which would be incredible for real-time applications and for dealing with applications that require the minimum response rate. 

There are cloud services out there that now allow people to be able to harness the full power of the cloud for various jobs such as video rendering, doing a heavy load of work with graphics, or playing games that are processed directly by the cloud. These technologies are not being entertained to their full potential because of the lack of a concurrent networking solution that is now available thanks to the 5G technology.      

5G vs 4G: Coverage of the network

When it comes to the coverage of these mobile networks it is quite uncanny which means that it would take a whole lot of years for the 5G technology to become available in the whole world covering all land and areas. 4G technology is still not present in many areas of the world especially in the rural areas where people are still pushed to use the 3G network. So, given the fact that 5G is the latest technology altogether and not a continuation of the 4G technology its complete coverage would definitely take some time. 

At the moment the network operators around the world are toying with the rollout of 5G using the sub-6 technology. This simply refers to the frequency of the waves which would be under 6GHz thus reaching far and covering wide areas but as for the download speeds, this frequency isn’t any good. Another technology under observation is the mmWave which offers significantly better download speeds but can’t penetrate objects, buildings and thus isn’t very generous with the range. For the successful rollout of the 5G technology, it is necessary that a mix or hybrid of both these technologies is prepared which would be able to tackle the download speed issue and reach of the signals.          

Other major differences between 4G and 5G

Although these above mentioned were the most prominent differences between the 4G and 5G technology but there are relatively others that might have been overlooked before. 4G connectivity is live and almost every handset in the hands of common people now supports 4G technology but the same can’t be said about the 5G. To be able to harness the full potential and power of the 5G technology you first have to buy a 5G enabled handset right now. There are a variety of honorable additions in the mobile market that you can so leisurely explore for yourself. 

If you were under the impression that your old 4G or LTE smartphone will be able to support the 5G technology too as a software update gets shipped by your mobile phone provider then you were clearly in the wrong. No software update can make 5G technology enabled on your phone, in fact, it doesn’t have to do anything with software it is more of a hardware-enabled suite. Either your phone comes with a 5G enabled chipset or they don’t and if they don’t then you would have to purchase a new one period. 

At the end of the day the speeds that you are able to get with a 5G enabled connection and the overall latency rate will depend on the type of 5G connection you have. It might take some time for the rollout to be completed but in the aftermath, you will be able to get full access to all 5G features and functions but not right now maybe as the technology is evolving and adopted by the network providers all over the globe.

Availability of 5G doesn’t mean that the 4G technology is done

Just as when 4G made its debut it was thought that the 3G technology is done for and would not be handing out anymore, nothing could be further from the truth. Not only 3G technology is still present out there but in fact, is so over joyously used in rural areas where 4G hasn’t come yet. The same applies to the 5G rollout, just because 5G technology is ready and is being adopted in huge numbers doesn’t mean that the need and application of the 4G technology are over.

There is this thoughtful manifestation of an idea that if 4G and 5G could work in tandem such as adding support for the 5G technology in areas that are extremely well versed in the 4G technology might provide a good mix of both these technologies to the users. People would not only be able to get good enough speeds but the coverage-related issues could also be solved pretty neatly. 

Another thing of note here is that the 4G technology isn’t complete or concluded just yet as multiple revisions are continuously developed and shipped to the customers. The LTE technology is a fine example of that. So, it means that in the long run, the coverage-related issues of the 4G systems along with the latency factor would continue to get improved further still meaning that you would get your hands on a reasonable number of options to choose from. Till that moment it is passionately hoped that 5G technology would also have covered a lot of ground in terms of its overall rollout and will be presently available among the variety of other networking options for the common people to choose from.   

Written by HackerVibes

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